When to Cite a Source
In order to avoid plagiarism, credit must be given to the sources you have used in your research paper. Acknowledge the sources by stating in a citation where you found a particular piece of data.
The purposes of such acknowledgments are:
- to enable the reader to pursue further an idea or fact which is of interest
- to give credit to the person whose work you have read.
Citations are required when you use
- a direct quotation
- an indirect
- a quotation
- a paraphrase
- an opinion or conclusion not originally yours
- a statistic or result of a study
- a distinctive form or organization
- a fact not part of common knowledge.
Citations may not be needed for information considered common knowledge, such as:
- religious beliefs
- facts that can readily be found in at least three separate sources
This document explains how to format in-text citations and presents several examples.